Skip to main content

Sapiens - Part 4

I'm reading Sapiens almost 5 days a week, but not so much as I liked (I'm so into Game of Thrones book). The book is divided in short chapters and these make up a "Part", the currently one talks about money, empires and religion. This post is about money! (I don't know if I'll write about empires or religions).

In the previous post about Sapiens' book, I wrote about the beginning of Agricultural Revolution and how our ancestors began to form larger groups of people. There are three universal orders which helped to form groups even bigger; groups that could live under the same set of laws:
"The first universal order was Economic: the monetary order. The second one was Political: the imperial order. The third universal order was Religious: the religious orders as Buddhism, Christianity and Islamism." (Adapted from the book - Position 2678 (Kindle))

All these universal orders has a thing in common: A mass of people believing in something immaterial. The money was created a lot of times in different places and developing it does not demanded any technology progress: it was a mental revolution. Because money can be things beyond dollar bills or coins, it could be a countable object which people uses to represent products's (or services) value. This revolution solved one problem (or more) that barter had: when we exchange items/products it's difficult to measure a fair trade. Example: Imagine that you sell high quality apples and you want to buy a boot. You go to the shoemaker and ask him for a new boot and try to pay it with a sack of apples. How many sacks of apples will pay fairly your boot? The shoemaker sold one boot for 10 sacks of apples once, but that time these apples didn't had the same quality which yours have. And last season the cows got sick and this resulted in a shortage of leather. Is the shoemaker interested in apples? You probably got the point.
"The money is a universal way of exchange which allows people convert almost everything in anything." (Adapted from the book - Position 2792 (Kindle))

And.. why it works?
Dollar notes, gold, silver and even cigarettes only has value in our collective imagination. Money is a psychological construction. And people are willing to work (physically and/or mentally) in exchange of a product of  our collective imagination. Citizens from different countries, different religions and different political opinions can work together for money. Even if they hate each other, when money is involved these differences are left aside. Because money is based in two universal principles: Universal Convertibility and Universal Confidence.

"Money is the most universal and efficient system of confidence already invented". (Adapted from the book - Position 2818 (Kindle)). 



Popular posts from this blog

My 2018 Book List

In December of 2016 I bought an Amazon Kindle. It was great because I could read a bunch of books (some heavy ones) without have to carry them. However, in 2017 I read some books by random choice. I didn't have any goal on mind, I was just picking some books by friends recommendations and read them.
This year I choose some books with a goal in mind!

My 2018 Book List

A book from each continent:
North America:Boston:  A Gentleman in Moscow - Amor TowlesSouth America:Brazil: Água Viva - Clarice LispectorAsia:Israel: Sapiens - Yuval Noah HarariEurope:Germany: The Metamorphosis - Franz KafkaAfrica:South Africa: Disgrace - John Maxwell CoetzeeOceania:New Zealand:  The Luminaries - Eleanor CattonBooks to pimp my mind (finan, math, biology, phisics, etc):
Investimentos Inteligentes - Gustavo CerbasiThe Drunkard's Walk: How Randomness Rules Our Lives - Leonard MlodinowThe Universe in a Nutshell - Stephen HawkingDataclysm - Christian RudderStart new series: Dune - Frank HerbertSprawl Trilog…

Sapiens - Part 2

When I was younger I used to eat a lot of candy in my friends' birthday parties. Sometimes I got sick for eating too much sugar, but for me it was worth. Nowadays I enjoy a piece of pie or a chocolate bar as my "candy of the week". However, there's a lot of people who still eat a lot of candy or sweet food. You probably know a few of them, right? Do you know why we eat sweet food like it was our last meal?

This unhealthy habit of eating too much candy is already socially accept among us; obesity cases has also been increasing rapidly throughout the world. You probably already have watched those cake videos with a lot of chocolate and calories, and people praising it like it was an eatable food. Well, if we look to the past, the far past when our ancestors were hunter-gatherers, we can understand a bit of this situation.

Sorry, I'm too hyped with this game.
A long fucking time ago, about 30 thousand years, our ancestors, that lived in the savannas and forests, only …

The year is 2019

Earth is partially destroyed by the nuclear war. Human's hardwork is now carried out by robots. Animal care are a really expensive hobby, but is the dream of every citizen in the society. Most of the humans, the healthy ones, already got out of the planet. However, you're still in the planet. Why?

You have a job.
You aren't smart. Only smart people can get out of the Earth.
You are truly yourself.
Your feelings can be simulated by a machine. You can feel pain, happiness, fear, optimism, love or even hate.
Every day you wake up, set up the feeling machine to your day start great, get a cup of coffee and go to work. Every day. Every day.
Work for what?
Money for retiring androids. The ones that are illegal in your planet.
Little by little you start to sense more humanity in the robots than in the humans. Are the robots more realistic? Or the society itself became less humanity?

The year is 2019. Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep?
It's a great bo…